Break cane for fun and profit

cane

Arundinaria Gigantea  Known as:

  • Cane
  • Southern Cane
  • Cane Reed
  • Switchcane
  • Canebrake Bamboo
  • Macon Rivercane (a specific variety available as an ornamental plant)

I’ve collected this information from many sources on the web, while I searched for a source of cane for my Quills project.  I put it here for the benefit of those who don’t want to spend the time searching.

The plant is native to the southern U.S.  Although cleared to near extinction, it still can be found in wetlands and well drained floodplain forests. It is found in canebrakes, thick clusters of plants that grow up to 25 feet high and up to a diameter of 1 and even two inches.

It is the largest native member of the bamboo family to grow in the United States, and its stalks have been used historically for fishing poles, baskets, blowguns, as well as to make quills and fifes. The young shoots are edible.

It was an important forage food for animals, and is said to be a favorite food of the caterpillars of the southern pearly eye butterfly. 

Unlike most other grasses, cane possesses evergreen stems which survive for up to 10 years.  The extinction of the Carolina Warbler is said to be linked to the clearing of the southern cane brakes. Cane is easily distinguished from other grasses by its stout, hollow, jointed stems.  The plant can withstand extreme temperatures of-15 or -25 degrees to 105 degrees, depending on the variety.

 

 

Distrubution of Arundinaria Gigantea, from http://plants.usda.gov/home_page.html

The cane used for quills should be 4 to 5 years old, to give the walls of the plant time to harden.  If you choose to grow cane, remember that the plant has aggressive runners, so a root shield should be used to contain the stand of plants.

Cane has been cleared from most areas by farmers in the south, but still can be found in river wetlands and marshes.  It is also grown as an ornamental plant, and can be purchased from a number of dealers in different parts of the country.  In the Pacific Northwest, (where cane does not grow natively), there are several sources, including the following:

Bamboo Gardens

A specialty retail and wholesale nursery

Location:

196th Ave NE & Highway 202, Redmond. Mailing address:

5016-192nd Place NE  Redmond, WA 98074

Phone 425-868-5166  Fax 425-868-5360   I purchased my plant from these people and found them very friendly and supportive of the project. The only problem so far is that the plant I now own will take several years to reach the size needed to produce good, strong cane.  Because of this, I am also looking for a source of mature southern cane, if you have one to suggest!

A French grand cornemuse, 18th c, private collection

The instrument is incomplete, with some parts modern.  The chanter is known to be original, and the top joint of the bass drone known to be a reproduction. These images are based on full-size xerox originals, which are (unfortunately) the best quality images I have at hand.  The pewter inlay is particularly spectacular on this instrument.

The images have been scaled to fit on the page, but the files are actually at much higher resolution.   They can be downloaded and viewed in any image editing program.  These images are not displayed to scale on this page, but the source images should scale correctly.

These are from my own working notes, with no guarantee regarding the information’s accuracy.   I’ve included this information simply because it is not documented elsewhere, and it may be of value to others.  If you have more to add, please comment.


Chanter

Composite_Chanter

LOA:                 635

  • tenon:              32.4         dia: 22.2

  • Chanter top:    64           dia: 25.7

  • Bell                  635         dia: 66

bore:

  • Staple socket:  0 to 35, about dia 7

  • Bore throat:    35         dia about 4

Fingerholes:  Hole diameter from tracing, actual hole throat a bit smaller.

  • Th:    139        dia: 5

  • 1        170         dia: 6

  • 2        202         dia: 7

  • 3        232         dia: 8.5

  • 4        301         dia: 9

  • 5        335         dia: 9×12

  • 6        373         dia: 8.5

  • 7        405         dia: 6.5    doubled in renaissance style, one hole plugged with wax


Top joint, Bass Drone

Composite_Bass_Drone--Top_Joint

LOA: 453

Bore:   9.4


Middle Joint, Bass Drone

Composite_Bass_Drone--Middle_Joint

LOA:  442

Bore:   9.1


Bottom Joint, Bass Drone

 

Composite_Bass_Drone--Lower_Joint

LOA:  442

Bore:   7.5


Stock-Drone.BMP (35400 bytes)

Base Drone Stock


Blowpipe

BlowPipe


 

tracings

Some rough rubbings of inlays

Court Musette, late 17th Century, Private collection

(Contents of this page copyright 1999, Norm Sohl)

musette_photo_A

Chanter, Stocks, petite chamelou.   Note the threaded bell–this detail was noticed only after submitting the instrument to x-ray inspection.

musette_photo_B

Chanter, Stocks, petite chamelou.   Different view.  The chanter bell is fully assembled in this picture.

Musette_Xray_Chanter4

X-ray of chanter, showing side view of fingerholes, with details of undercutting.

Musette_Xray_Chanter3

X-ray of chanter, showing side view of keyed holes, with details of undercutting.

musette_Xray_Chanter

Positive print of same view.

musette_Xray_Small_Chanter2

Small chanter (petite chamelou)

Musette_Xray_Small_Chanter

Small Chanter, side view.